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Construction and modification of the OBD2 WiFi module

witek_34 3405 1
This content has been translated flag-pl » flag-en View the original version here.
  • Hi

    I present a partial teardown and functional modification
    OBD2 VGATE interface with a WiFi module instead of BT. This interface
    I bought a few months ago and used in conjunction with the android
    Head Unit in the car with the hybrid assistant app.

    Construction and modification of the OBD2 WiFi module

    By default, the interface works as AP, creates an open WiFi network with SSID VLINK.
    After connecting, the client device gets an IP address in the range 192.168.0.0/24.
    The interface works as a transparent TCP bidirectional converter - serial, it listens to
    address 192.168.0.10 and port 35000. On the ELM327 side, serial transmission 38400 bps.
    You can connect to standard telnet and give commands to ELM327.

    Elm327 presents itself as:
    ATZ
    ELM327 v2.1
    ATI
    OBDII is RS232 Interpreter

    The interface takes up to 50mA when the WiFi module is working. You can
    in it, turn off the automatic sleep mode after a preset time of inactivity.
    After entering the sleep mode, the consumption drops to 1mA, but the module is already out of this mode
    will not wake up because the WiFi interface is turned off. In addition, my copy is very tight
    lowers the supply voltage, I will try to fight it because the ELM327 has the option of software calibration.
    As the AP mode of the OBD2 interface is inconvenient for me, I decided to disassemble it
    module in the hope that there will be ESP32 or something similar inside that will allow you to install it
    alternative FW.

    The module consists of 2 PCBs delicately connected for a sandwich:

    - the lower one containing a complete OBD2 interface based on PIC18f25k80
    - the upper one containing the HF LPT230 module and the 12V-> 3V3 converter. Conversion of voltages on the PIC18f25k80 line (5V supply)
    is realized by a voltage divider

    Construction and modification of the OBD2 WiFi module Construction and modification of the OBD2 WiFi module

    PCBs are connected with a 5-pin 2mm pitch connector, signals

    LED ELM_RXD ELM_TXT GND 12V

    The HF LPT230 module is a relatively popular and elegant solution
    documentation is available at:
    https://fccid.io/2ACSV-HF-LPT230/User-Manual/Users-Manual-3552381.pdf



    For further experiments, I separated the RX and TX signals between
    module a PIC18f25k80 and proceeded to further experiments with
    UART - USB interface o terminal program and telnet. Among other things, I have verified
    transparent data transmission.

    Construction and modification of the OBD2 WiFi module

    Unfortunately, the attempt to access the default configuration page has failed
    now the GUI shows up, but it asks for a password and the admin / admin documentation provided in the documentation does not work.

    Construction and modification of the OBD2 WiFi module

    I tried the escape sequences described in the documentation: +++ waiting for the letter a and sending the character a
    and it worked:

    Construction and modification of the OBD2 WiFi module

    Using AT + commands changed the module configuration to STA, set
    own SSID and encryption:

    AT + WMODE = STA
    + approx

    AT + WSSSID = Prius2
    + approx

    and saved the configuration.

    After rebooting, the OBD2 interface connected as a client, retrieved the IP address and was available in the HA in the car
    head unit.

    Construction and modification of the OBD2 WiFi module

    I achieved my goal relatively easily, but the module's response to escape sequences is ready
    the product is a bit disturbing. Fortunately, the module only reacts from the serial interface side. Here I am reminded
    from the beginning of the Internet adding +++ ATH0 in e-mails, which disconnected incorrectly configured TPSA modems.

    Cool? Ranking DIY
    About Author
    witek_34
    Level 12  
    Offline 
    witek_34 wrote 105 posts with rating 13, helped 2 times. Live in city Wroc³aw. Been with us since 2008 year.
  • #2
    hindoos
    Level 27  
    OBD2, nie ODB2 :) OBD = On-Board Diagnostics.